Oral hygiene and in particular the hygiene of the teeth and gums is of fundamental importance not only to avoid many of the most frequent dental diseases, but also to ensure that the dental treatments that are carried out by the dentist last over time and do not give rise to a “relapse” of the disease.
Task of the dentist is able to sensitize and motivate the patient in a comprehensive and understandable way on the importance of dental hygiene and prevention, teaching the correct use of all the techniques that make the therapies implemented by the dentist.
Lack of oral hygiene is the first link that triggers that destructive process of the tooth that leads to the formation of a cavity. In fact, the cariogenic bacteria present within the oral flora can proliferate and become aggressive thanks to the sugars deriving from food residues incorporated between tooth and tooth and not removed by adequate cleaning. There they ferment, and at the same time they produce some substances that allow them to adhere firmly to the surface of the tooth, like a sort of sheath: that is, they are transformed into the fearful bacterial plaque.
Plaque is made up of millions of bacteria that cause food debris to ferment, thus producing acids that attack tooth enamel and cause tooth decay. A serious consequence is inflammation of the gums which, if neglected, can lead in extreme cases to tooth loss. Even in the healthiest mouths, bacteria lurk in less accessible places. The use of dental floss and an interdental brush is therefore essential. Plaque Detector Tablets are tablets that contain dyes, usually red or purple, that adhere only to bacterial plaque. Their use is useful in cases where a patient has difficulty in cleaning the teeth correctly as they, used after brushing the teeth, color the points where the plaque has remained and allow to complete the oral hygiene maneuvers.
Fluoride is essential in the prevention of caries as it strengthens the tooth enamel and neutralizes cariogenic bacteria.
There are two methods of fluoride administration: systemically, by taking tablets; locally, with mouthwashes or fluoride applications in the dental office.
Fluoroprophylaxis is also recommended in the case of periodontal disease, as well as for patients who wear otrodontic appliances or prostheses with hooks, and for the prevention of hypersensitivity from abrasion.
Correct brushing techniques: